Thursday, May 23, 2019

All types of lettuce explained in details (with comparison)

All types  of lettuce explained in details - people may know about lettuce, but still there are many, who doesn't know about all types of lettuce.
types of lettuce explained in details. (with comparison)
types of lettuce explained in details. (with comparison)

So in this article I will explain in details about every lettuce and compare them with each other, and at last you will come to know about all the types.

Before we go to the main topic, let's know something about lettuce, 

Lettuce is a salad plant, well it can be used in many other recipes and meals, but the meaning of word "lettuce" stands for salad.

It is known that lettuce was first discovered by Greeks and romans.

This plant is grown in almost all country where agriculture is practised within the country.

Nearly 50 % of lettuce consumers are from America, because of it's nutritional value and health benefits.

Types of lettuce 

There are more then 15 types of lettuce available in our environment, but some of them are not original but we can say them as lettuce because they belong to the same family.

In this article I will mention 10 types of lettuce which are actually know as lettuce only.

1. leaf  lettuce

Leaf lettuce
Leaf lettuce

It is the most common one, found around us. The leaves are loose and smooth but unfortunately it doesn't contain head, but the structure of leaf lettuce is much beautiful and attractive then any other type of lettuce.

This type of plants are of three colours - yellow, red, dark green. You can go for any colour you like but yellow leaf lettuce is highly recommend because according to our research, it was found that it grows taller and bare more leafs then the one with other colours.

Red leaf grows with same techniques and materials required in case of growing any type of leaf lettuce.

Green leaf - some changes can be made while applying fertilizers, because it  can grow without much fertilizers, as required by other types of leaf lettuce.

Yellow leaf - it grow taller and give much more production, when compared with other types of leaf lettuce.

Why to choose leaf leaf lettuce?

  • It is very trusted, many people would like to choose leaf lettuce because it's good looking then others
  • Can be grown at most of the climatic conditions 
  • Leaves are very smooth and soft.
  • Gives more production then any other.
  • Healthiest food - leaf lettuce is used in many types of recipes. (including burger, pizza and sandwiches)
  • It is available in three colours, where as other are on limited colours,
  • Suitable for "cut and come again" (after harvesting, the plant continues to bare some leaves which can be used again) process.
Disadvantage of leaf lettuce:
  1. Leaf lettuce cannot be stored for long period of time,
  2. If stored outdoor for more then six hours; it will be no more fresh,
  3. Needs extra care for storing and  transportation,
  4. Must be used withing 24 hours of harvesting if stored normally without any cooling effect.

2. Iceburg lettuce 

Iceburg lettuce
Iceburg lettuce
This is the one which contains head and it's almost same as cabbage when we compare it with the structure of both. 

Iceburg is popular because of it's head which is likely to many people who loves lettuce at their meal.

It is not as tasty as others, but you can store it more then any other, because it is tight packed, and the head doesn't get tired, but before storing you can remove the outer leaves.

Why to choose iceburg lettuce?

It can be stored twice the time of other lettuce, which is a great option for those who doesn't want to visit market every single day,
It contains head which is again a plus point for iceburg lettuce.
The leafs are crisps and it feels better when added to salad.

Disadvantages of iceburg;

It is much more heavier than any other lettuce, that's because of it's head, which is tightly packed.
You can't find the same flavour on iceburg when compared with any other, and because of this reason many people doesn't choose iceburg lettuce.

3. Romaine lettuce

Romaine lettuce
Romaine lettuce

Romaine is not available in every country, it is rarely found in some limited places only, by its name, we get an idea that it was discovered by romaine.

It grows taller even from small plant to matured age it looks taller, because the leafs and the plant grows up words only, and this the difference which makes romaine lettuce look different from others.

Romaine are usually of  green and dark green colours, but the stems looks whitest yellow.

It can also be found in some more colours but are not much popular as leaf lettuce.

It is costly then leaf lettuce because of it's less availability.

Why to choose romaine lettuce ?

  • Romaine is the strongest lettuce, it can be grown even in high temperatures whereas others cannot be.
  • It has sweet and bitter taste.
  • Highly consumed lettuce in some development countries.
  • When compared with others, romaine lettuce has the better taste.
  • It has crisps leaves which can add extra crunch at your salad.

Disadvantages of romaine:

  1. It has dark green leaves which is not much attractive as others.
  2. Romaine lettuce is also knows as devil's lettuce because,
  3. Some romaine lettuce contains E. Coil bacteria and,
  4. At early period many people got effected by the infection of E. Coil bacteria.
  5. Still science is not sure that consumption of romaine is safe or not,
  6. Direct consumption of romaine may still be dangerous,
  7. Romaine is not trusted as others.
  8. It doesn't stays fresh for long time after it has been harvested.
  9. It has to be cared properly while transportation.

4.celtuce lettuce

Celtuce lettuce
Celtuce lettuce

This is quite different than others, because for others the part which are eaten is, leafs but in celtuce we have to eat steams along with leaves.

The main aim for growing is for consuming its steams, not the leaves but since there is no problem in leaves, people eat them as regular lettuce.

The steam grow up to 15- 20 centimeters and the diameter of the steams use to be 3 - 4 cm.

Steam can be eaten either in salads or by cooking as regular vegetables and the same goes with its leaves.

It can be grow either by seeds or steam, but while growing from the steams, the main aim is to get leaves only.

It is highly cultivated in China.

Why to choose celtuce lettuce ?

There are many reasons to choose celtuce, 

  • If you like to eat vegetables with steams then celtuce is the best choice for you.
  • Steams are only available on celtuce, no other types can give this benefit
  • Leaves are almost same as leaf lettuce, with yellowish colour.
  • It can be stored for a long duration if the aim is to eat steam only.
  • It can be transported for a long distance and that also without loosing much freshness.
Disadvantages of celtuce;
  1. Celtuce is not suitable for growing in any climatic condition and soil.
  2. High amount of water in needed to grow celtuce,
  3. It doesn't provide high amount of leaves which is the main feature of lettuce, that is present in many other lettuces.

5. Radicchio lettuce

Radicchio lettuce
Radicchio lettuce

This is red in colour, with white lines in it. This is the variety of green leafy vegetables which lasts for long time and it can give more production.

There are some more related types of radicchio, and all those are famous in Italy.

The taste is different from others, it feels bitter and spicy.

If you are confused between red cabbage and radicchio, then you must keep in mind that, cabbage and lettuce are far different from each other in taste, so don't be confuse by their colours.

This lettuce have got head in some of its types, but the head is very light weight then read cabbage.

It can be eaten row or even by cooking like others, but you will get perfect value for this lettuce when you use them in sandwiches, pasta and burgers.

Why to choose radicchio?

There are many interesting reasons for which you can choose radicchio.
  • If you are looking for a colourful salad then you can go for this because it makes your salad look professional.
  • There are many types of this, just like leaf lettuce and you can choose any of them for you.
  • If you are looking for a red head lettuce then radicchio will be the best choice for you, especially when you look for taste with beauty.
  • The leaves are soft and crisps.
  • It become ready for harvest after 3 - weeks of plantation.
Disadvantages of radicchio;

If you are looking for a sweet and healthy lettuce then this is not  for you because of it's bitter taste and,
If you want fresh lettuce then you may not be able to consume this because many people fail to grow it at their home, while other types can easily be grow at home,
This is not available everywhere, you will find it only on some limited place and countries only, so why not to go for others?
This is available at Italy, in high amount but not in other countries, in some countries you won't even find it's name also,
When you buy this lettuce from market, it's not totally fresh.

6. Butter lettuce

Butter lettuce
Butter lettuce

It feels little premium when we hear the word "butter lettuce" since the name defines that the lettuce is as same as butter, when you eat butter it melts very fast in your mouth and there's nothing to chew, same goes with this, when you eat, it melts very fast.

It can also be called as crisps head,  the leaves are formed in a structure of head, even the whole plant looks like a head, which can be clearly seen on iceburg lettuce.

Butter lettuce forms a loose head, it is compact and round shaped lettuce, the leaves are very soft and shiny.

Again there are three types of better lettuce but, they have got some difference for which people call them from different names.

Advantages of butter lettuce,

Butter lettuce is available in large amount, 
It can be grown easily without much efforts.

There are three types of better lettuce, you can easily choose one of them as your choice.

It taste sweet and slight bitter, that taste well in salads.

Butter lettuce is the best for making salads because it melts totally in your mouth.

Disadvantages of butter lettuce;

Better lettuce is known as the softest one, so it has got some disadvantage if you choose,
While harvesting butter lettuce, you need to take proper care of it's leaves or it will look unhealthy.

While transportation, you will have to pack it very lightly and with proper care or? You know what will happen.

This lettuce cannot be stored for a long time,
While cooking, leaves melts and you won't feel the taste well.


Some uncommon types of lettuce -

7. Belgian endive

Belgian endive
Belgian endive

This is  not as same as others, it has got many difference, actually this is a variety of chicory. It has white leaves along with yellow tips.

It is little different in taste, because you will find it a slight bitter and crispy but not like other lettuce, it will be totally different taste.

There are some more information about Belgian endive you can read by clicking here.

8.little gems lettuce 

Little gems lettuce is a copy of both butter and romaine lettuce, it grows very short, in height, the leaves are shrink and forms a small heart. This is sweeter then others however, you can't find any bitter taste from little gems.

9.tatsoi lettuce

Tatsoi lettuce
Tatsoi lettuce

This is very different from others in looks as well as in taste, the leaves are yellow and almost spoon shaped, it is very well know for long term production as the leaves keep on growing after harvesting, it can also be call as a variety of "cut and come again" crops.
It can be grown throughout the year.

Tatsoi plants are very small in size, it is uncommon. But again it's popular in some countries like China and japan.

10. Oak leaf lettuce

Oak leaf lettuce
Oak leaf lettuce

The leaves of this lettuce is somehow like oak tree, that is why it is called as oak leaf lettuce, if you are unfamiliar with this, then you will be unable to identify whether it is lettuce or a weed, because it's looks are almost woody.

The taste will go different after it is cooked, but people doesn't prefer to add this lettuce in their salad.

11. Cress

Cress lettuce
Cress lettuce

Cress is grown for cooking purpose it it can also be added in salads, it grows with small leaves and steams.  It is sold by making small bundles or in bunches.

The list was about 11 types of lettuce which are commonly used or comes in the category of lettuce only, but still some are there which can be know as lettuce but in this article we will not go in details about all those, anyhow I will mention their names, you can go through.
  • Frisee
  • Arugula
  • Escarole
  • Mizuna
  • Baby beet greens

 Best types of lettuce for growing at home 

After learning about all the lettuce in details now you must know about those lettuce which is suitable to grow at home for consumption at regular basis.

There are three types which can easily be grow at home, they are -

1.leaf lettuce - leaf, is the best choice for growing at home, if you like salads and cooking then you might be familiar with leaf. There are many benefits which you get after choosing leaf lettuce for growing at your home, they are - 

  • Seeds are easily available in the market, you can easily get the seeds of leaf lettuce because it is a common vegetable which is grown more then others.
  • Easy to grow,  you doesn't need to worry for growing leaf lettuce at your home because some simple gardening ideas are enough for it. 
  • Easy to care, while growing leaf, you doesn't need to worry for caring it, because it is not effected by insects and pests if you grow then in a pot, just keep on watering and loose the soils.
  • Give much more production then many other lettuces - production is the main thing, some lettuces cannot be used for long term production but you can keep harvesting leaf lettuce's leaves and use it for making salad or cooking.

2. Iceburg - if you are looking for a head inside lettuce then iceburg is the best choice for you.

The benefits are almost same as we get in leaf, but the some of the different benefits of iceburg are - 

3. Butter - this is the softest lettuce, if you like butter, then you can grow it easily at your home, you just have to worry for the seeds because the are not easily available everywhere however, you can purchase it online, with more security and it will be 100 % original verified seed.

We have experience of every seeds, and I will mention the link of those seeds in this article, go on.

Best types of lettuce for commercial purposes(large scale production)

Leaf lettuce - don't get irritated because I mentioned leaf lettuce at first in both the cases, because there is a big reason.

Leaf is highly demanded and popular, around 50 % people are well know to leaf lettuce and many of them, have experienced the benefits of it,

Some of the reasons are -

  • Leaf lettuce is the best looking lettuce,
  • It gives more production
  • The seeds can be harvested easily for reuse,
  • Their plants grow very tall
  • It has high germination value then others.

2. Radicchio  - it it not developed highly in the market but you can take advantage of it, as this lettuce is very beautiful in looking, you can sell it with leaf or other types of lettuce, of course people will like it for it's taste too.

Use the business ideas and explore your business.

Conclusion

In this article I have mentioned details about types of lettuce in details, all the given information are true and real.

It was not possible to discover all the types of this plant, because each and every type of lettuce is not available in every country.

So we had to use some of the information from internet, anyhow we had deep research on them, before representing it on our article.

You can choose any type of lettuce as your wish. The article aims to give you knowledge about the difference between all types.

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Thank you for reading this article about types of lettuce.

Also read - all benefits of eating lettuce

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